The onset of an unplanned, unwanted pregnancy makes both partners suffer. Pharmacology has contraceptives that can be taken within 72 hours after sexual intercourse.
Birth control pills:
- Postinor ;
- Escapelle ;
- mifepristone ;
- Agesta ;
- Ginepriston .
These are strong hormonal pills, you can take them no more than two per year.
For a woman’s reproductive functions, this practice can be fatal. Tablets are freely available in every pharmacy. In the first 72 hours after sex, they are able to get rid of a possible unwanted pregnancy.
The action of these hormonal drugs blocks ovulation and egg implantation. This is a huge hormonal failure in the body and it is not worth planning a pregnancy in the next six months after taking the pill.
Both halves should be aware of this if they are planning a pregnancy and the birth of a healthy child.
Why are these contraceptives harmful?
Usually, partners after an unprotected act try to solve the problem themselves, fearing an unwanted pregnancy. It is better to consult with a gynecologist. But if the couple considers this superfluous, then you need to carefully read the instructions.
- after taking contraceptives, an ectopic pregnancy may occur;
these drugs can cause uterine bleeding;
after taking the drugs, the next pregnancy may not occur at all.
These pills are especially dangerous for women who have not given birth. Infertility is the price of casual, unprotected sex. Therefore, deciding to take a pill in the first 72 hours after sex, you need to think about the consequences. The gynecologist will advise those drugs that cause less damage to the woman’s hormonal system.
The most powerful drug on this list is Postinor . Its impact is like hitting the ovaries with a sledgehammer.
Pregnancy will definitely not occur if you take it within 72 hours after unprotected intercourse, but all subsequent pregnancies are a big question. The package contains two tablets that are drunk for three days.
Postinor gives 95 percent efficiency. The remaining 5 percent who are at risk of pregnancy, most likely, the doctor will be asked to have an abortion.
Contraindications and consequences
Not all women can take Postinor . If, nevertheless, the partner decides to take contraceptive medicine within a few hours after intercourse, it is necessary to know the date of the last menstruation.
If there was a failure of menstruation, then Postinor should be discontinued due to the threat of bleeding.
It is not recommended to take this remedy for women with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, diabetes. Do not take Postinor for girls under 16 who have not given birth. It is dangerous for women with diseases:
- high blood pressure;
- Botkin’s disease;
- oncological diseases;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system, even cystitis.
Possible consequences of application:
- violation of the menstrual cycle;
- ectopic pregnancy;
- bloody vaginal discharge;
- nausea and vomiting;
- loss of consciousness;
- sharp, burning pain in the lower abdomen;
- sudden loss of consciousness;
rash, swelling of the limbs or face;
Taking this drug carries a great danger for a woman. There are more gentle means that do not destroy the hormonal background. An unwanted pregnancy can push girls to rash acts.
The package of this drug contains one tablet containing levonorgestrel . This component prevents unwanted pregnancy. The tablet must be taken within three days after intercourse. In Escapelle , the content of levonorgestrel is lower than in Postinor . Therefore, if the drug was taken after pregnancy, it will not have a negative effect on the fetus.
Side effects are not excluded:
- violation of the menstrual cycle.
The drug has been studied by international experts. At the conclusion of the experiment, they confirmed that one tablet of the drug does not pose a threat to the health of a woman, does not affect her reproductive performance.
Medication for medical abortion. It can be used in the first three days after unprotected intercourse. But if pregnancy has occurred, then the drug is used to terminate the pregnancy for up to forty-two days.
After taking the drug, the uterus is brought into tone, contractile myometrium appears and a miscarriage occurs. The drug blocks the action of progesterone, the fetal egg is destroyed. If the drug is prescribed later than after three days, then the termination of pregnancy is carried out in a clinic under medical supervision.
- kidney failure;
- inflammatory processes in the female genital organs;
- bad habits ;
- suspected ectopic pregnancy;
- pregnancy from 42 days;
- bronchial asthma;
- infectious diseases.
After taking the drug and miscarriage, the woman remains under the supervision of a doctor for 48 hours. After two weeks after the medical abortion, she needs to return to the clinic for a follow-up examination.
Side effects may appear:
- pain in the lower abdomen;
- menstrual irregularities.
The use of the drug is dangerous. There are times when a pregnancy cannot be terminated. There is no other option than abortion.
Another drug that prevents the fertilization of the egg in the first three days after unprotected intercourse. Agesta is used for medical abortion for up to six weeks.
The action of the drug is similar to the previous one. It is sold by prescription only.
Even if the development of a possible pregnancy is blocked, it is better to take the drug under the supervision of a doctor. It is contraindicated in women with kidney and liver problems. If a woman smokes or drinks alcohol frequently, the doctor should be informed.
Three weeks later, but not less than a month later, a woman needs to undergo an ultrasound examination. If the pregnancy has not been terminated, an abortion is scheduled. The birth of a healthy child after the use of Agesta is impossible.
Side effects may occur:
- loss of consciousness;
- menstrual irregularities.
Reception is contraindicated if a woman has an intrauterine device.
Produced in the form of tablets containing the active substance mifepristone .
This is a synthetic steroid component that blocks the action of progesterone for several hours after sexual intercourse. As a result, a negative environment is created in the uterine cavity, which prevents the fertilization of the egg. This is the most effective drug for preventing pregnancy in the first three days.
The negative effect of the tablets, manifested in the following symptoms:
- menstrual irregularities;
- rise in temperature over a short period of time;
- uterine bleeding;
- skin rash;
If the drug is taken in the first 72 hours after sex, then there may not be any side effects. At a later date, the use of the drug is prohibited, as this can cause uterine bleeding.
No one is protected from unwanted pregnancy. There is no desire to seek help from a gynecologist, ask the pharmacist for details about the drug at the pharmacy, carefully study the instructions. This is your health on which further reproduction depends.
If this happens, you have 72 hours to choose the best method.